A good Peruvian coffee is gentle, aromatic and flavorful with a mild acidity. Some of the most notable coffees of Peru are Urubamba and Chanchamayo, which are both market names.
In comparison to Colombian, Costa Rican, or Mexican coffee, Peru’s coffee is unique due to the hundreds of microclimates in the Andean regions. These variations in altitude, humidity, sun, and heat allow coffee plants to develop unique flavor profiles found nowhere else.
There are dozens of varieties of Peruvian coffee, each offering a different kind of bean and coffee flavor profile. The main families of coffee that Peru grows include, Typica (70% of Peruvian coffee production), Caturra (30%) and 10% other miscellaneous varieties. Part of this 10% includes the famed Peruvian Gesha Coffee variety that has won numerous awards globally.
Coffee Growing Regions
The number of coffee-growing regions in Peru is consistently expanding. With more cooperatives and Peruvian coffee exporting companies emerging, the number of organic and fair trade Fincas is consistently growing as well.
The Amazon jungle region is often the most disregarded Peruvian coffee-growing area of Peru. However, coffee from Rodrigues de Mendoza and Chachapoyas provinces provides stellar organic coffees with notes of chocolate and velvety fruits.
Coffee from Cajamarca grows between 1850m and 1900m. Its highest-producing region, Jaén, exports coffee with hints of plum, peach and notes of sweet honey.
Some might consider this region the epitome of Peruvian Coffee growing regions. There are even coffee fincas right behind the famous Machu Picchu. Farmers in Cusco have also been globally recognized in the Cup Of Excellence.
The city famed for its delicious coffee in this region is called Villa Rica. A German colony called Oxapampa and Pozuzo also produces excellent coffees. However, the coffee from Villa Rica provides the most outstanding Gesha coffee with savory and chocolaty notes.
The coffee from this region is known to be well-rounded with fruity hints of blueberry. A majority of the coffee from this region has reached a number of global coffee fairs, making its mark in the specialty coffee world.
It’s projected that the majority of Peru’s coffee will be grown here in the future. The quickly expanding coffee-growing region of San Martin is home to the larger more commercial brands such as Alto Mayo.
This region won two gold medals in France and was globally recognized as one of the locations for the world’s best coffee. The region is well known for Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world. However now, its coffee is taking center stage as some of the most delicious.