Growing Altitude: 1200 - 1800 meters above sea level
Arabica Variety: Typica, Caturra, Catuai, Villa Sarchi, Bourbon, Gesha, Villalobos
Harvest Period: December - February
Milling Process: Washed, Drum Dried
Aroma: Intense, Fragrant, Brown Sugar
Flavor: Citrus, Tropical Fruit, Apricot
Acidity: Lively, Bright
Costa Rica has the perfect climate for growing delicious coffee. More than 80% of Costa Rican farms are located at high altitudes, on volcanic soil, and in an area with year-round warm weather that is ideal for harvesting those beautiful beans!
There are three main methods of processing coffee beans: washed, natural, or honey.
The watery method of coffee production is the most popular in use around the world. Coffee cherries are put into a wet mill, and machines then forcefully remove their fruit to produce clean tasting coffee with mild flavor notes like honey or chocolate that retain some sweetness from its origins as berries.
It is good to use this method because it doesn’t cost as much and coffee will have a syrupy body with charterers of berries, citrus, and grape.
The process of honey processed coffee is very unique. In this method, only a small part of the fruit/bean is removed and left to dry on top, preserving sweetness in contrast with other processes that remove all parts from the bean such as drying or sun-drying methods. The inner layer will still have some mucilage on it so don’t be surprised if you find sweet notes like honey!
Costa Rica's different regions produce coffee beans with their own distinct flavors. Some main ones are:
- West Valley
- Tres Rio
- Central Valley